Deliberation on Sustainable Development Goals

icon-20140705Deliberation on the post-2015 sustainable development agenda are taking shape and the negotiations on scope and financing of the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) are becoming more concrete and contentious at the same time. Sustainability has been a concern for several decades and has gained greater importance in light of increasing climate warming and continued instabilities of the social and economic sectors at global levels. Two separate UN processes are underway to determine the SDG framework namely the HLPF (High Level Political Forum) and the OWG (Open Working Group) both working on defining and negotiating the world's Sustainable Development Goals. In addition,various stakeholder groups (NGOs, Business, Civil Society, Academic Institutions) and International Organisations have started their own discussions on what issues and priorities should be core features of the coming SDGs.

To be able to agree on a single integrated framework is critical to ensure successful progress towards the definition and implementation of the SDGs. Concrete goals need to be set at national, regional and global levels and concrete financial resources need to be committed for SDG implementation. The issues and themes that will have been identified as being top priorities will set the stage for policy choices concerning sustainable development goals and determine the world's progress.

CSEND, a think tank focusing on the development nexus of trade, poverty, employment and social equity, is contributing to these deliberation through its engagement in both the global, national and regional levels.



Financing the SDGs in the Caribbean through PPPs requires a good dose of relevant knowledge and wisdom Contributions made at the Regional Conference for “Caribbean Development – The 2030 Agenda in Perspective” on June 28-30, 2017, Jamaica.

pdf Blog



A Colloquium on “Is A Living Wage Bad for The Economy?” A contribution to the implementation of SDG 8 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

pdf Programme


UN Library Talk: Roundtable on “How to Ensure Ageing with Dignity?” – A Contribution to the Implementation of SDG3 of the “2030 Sustainable Development Goals”

pdf Announcement
pdf Programme
pdf Summative Report


Policy Coherence and Effective Implementation of 2030 Agenda

  • Thought piece for the Think 20 Dialogue as a contribution to the G20 Germany 2017 process on “The 2030 Agenda: No Poverty Reduction without Policy Coherence” by Raymond Saner & Lichia Yiu. pdf Article



Open Letter Calling for More Monitoring not Control

  • Open call expressing profound concern at the inadequacy of measures currently under discussion at the global level (UN-HLPF-ECOSOC) regarding implementation of the SDGs and calls for immediate remedial action to ensure “coherent, efficient and inclusive follow-up and reviews” of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).” Call for action pdfDiscussion Paper pdf

Click here


Issue Papers

  • Looking at the Bright Side

Raymond Saner & Lichia Yiu, EFMD Global Focus, Issue 2, Vol. 10, 2016.

Click here pdf


  • Greening the World Trade Organisation is an imperative to accompany the implementation of the Paris Agreement adopted during the COP 21 in December 2015.

“Yet, there is no place for complacency. Time is running out, and unless decisive steps are taken to speedily walk the talk and translate ambitious global commitments into concrete actions at global, regional, national and local levels, the Paris Agreement will fail to deliver and sufficiently reduce climate change” (ECPDM editorial, May/June 2016). Click here pdf



  • A UN Library Talks Geneva event organised by the United Nations Office Geneva in collaboration with CSEND on Wednesday 15 June 2016. This Library event aims to debate the philosophical, economic, social, and pedagogical aspect of education in the context of achieving SDG Goal 4, “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.

Invitation pdf

Programme pdf


Setting the Scene by Raymond Saner, DiplomacyDialogue, CSEND pdf
SDGs and Agenda 2030 by Joost Monk, NORRAG pdf
International Cooperation on TVSD by Michel Carton pdf
Neoliberalism and Education: a book presentation by Sacha Varin pdf

Book Leaflet on “Neoliberalism and Education” pdf
Text of presentation pdf

Reflections on the SDG Implementation as A Holistic Endeavour – SDC’s Contribution by Sabina Handschin, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation pdf
Cognitive Capacity to Adapt and Reinvent by Lichia Yiu, CSEND pdf


  • CSEND management team participated in the 2016 UNECE conference on PPP and SDGs. Particularly, Raymond Saner developed an evaluation grid to assess PPP case examples which were discussed during the morning session of the 3-day conference. Programme pdf



Goals adopted on 25th September

  • The UN’s member states gave final approval at a special General Assembly session on 25 September to the new global development policy. The world were making a commitment to the most wide-ranging and ambitious plan ever attempted by the United Nations.


(Source: United Nations, 2015)

Issue Papers

  • Monitoring of SDG Implementation: Call for Action. Articlepdf
  • Deficiencies of Selected Indicators for Goal 17 Targets: Suggestions and Additions. Article pdf
  • Conceptualizing and Operationalizing Sustainable Development through a Public Good Perspective. Article pdf
  • Democratizing the PPP standard setting process of the health sector. Article pdf
  • Participation of Civil Society Organisations in the United Nations and in the Aid Effectiveness Discourse and Related Standard-Setting Negotiations. Article pdf
  • A special CSEND Working Paper focusing on the system perspective in designing the SDG targets and measures for the post-2015 agenda. Articlepdf
  • Brief for GSDR 2015 
    Science Diplomacy to support global implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Raymond Saner, March 2015. 


  • “The first SD-Learning Course has been launched by the High Level Political Forum (HLPF) as an integral part of the capacity building process for the implementation of the SDGs. The courses are scheduled from Friday, 26 June through Wednesday, 8 July 2015 in New York prior to the third HLPF conference programme for 6th July through 8th July 2015. CSEND has designed two modules and presented on the 29th June.  Other modules have been designed by UNITAR, the World Bank, Sustainable Development Solutions Network and others.


    • HLPF SD-Learning Module on “Strengthening Integration: the key role of multilateral diplomacy in the context of the post-2015 development agenda”, Professor Raymond Saner (CSEND/DiplomacyDialogue), Mr. David O’Connor (UNDESA) and Mrs. Irena Zubcevic (UNDESA). 29th June, Monday, 2015, 10.00-13.00 at Conference Room F – UN Headquarters. 

Programme pdf

Presentation - Strengthening Integration in the context of the post-2015 development agenda pdf


    • HLPF SD-Learning Module on “Review and Monitoring of SDGs after 2015: Models, Methods and Governance”, Professor Raymond Saner, Dr. Lichia Yiu, Dr. Roland Bardi, and Ms. Ellen Raider (CSEND). 29th June, Monday, 2015, 15.00-18.00 at Conference Room F – UN Headquarters. 

Programme Article pdf

PART I-II: IntroductionPART I-II: Introduction pdf

PART III-1 : Review Models/TPR pdf

PART III-2: Review Models/ UPR pdf

PART III-3: Review Models/ APRM pdf

PART IV: Evidence based monitoring and data requirements: Governance challenge pdf

PART V: OECD Guidelines for MNEs pdf

PART VI: ILO Complaints Procedure pdf

PART VII: Strengthening the review process for SDG Implementation pdf



Issue Papers

  • Is Private-Sector Participation in Water Provision the Right Option for Developing Countries? An Analysis through Case Studies. Articlepdf
  • Sustainable Development Goals and Millennium Development Goals:an analysis of the shaping and negotiation process by Lichia Saner Yiu and Raymond Saner, 2014. Articlepdf
  • MONITORING OF SDG IMPLEMENTATION Infrastructure and Methodology – Proposal for Action, Article pdf
  • CSEND Proposal on Monitoring Infrastructure has been included in the "Prototype Sustainable Development Report" (6/2014), P. Our policy brief has been adopted into the Prototype Global Sustainable Development Report ( It reads,
    "A toolbox for monitoring sustainable development progress will need to be developed, in order to help decision makers. In this context, it is noteworthy that academics have proposed a dynamic SDG monitoring system that is based on comprehensive and differentiated data collection reflecting the operational realities at different levels of each country. It would make use of all three types of approaches for measuring sustainable development that are presented in this chapter. (Chapter 5: Measuring Progress, Page 82; Complete citation can be found as footnote 247) The full Prototype Global Sustainable Development Report can be seen at here.


  • HLPF 2 - Moderated Dialogue "Means of implementation for sustainable development" - Original - June 30, 2014 at here

  • Implementation of post-2015 development agenda by Raymond Saner, 30 April 2014 at the Expert Group Meeting on the role of the high-level political forum on sustainable development in post-2015 development framework (30 April 2014-1 May 2014) in New York. Follow the link or read herepdf.

  • A special CSEND Dialogue session on "Socio-Economic Dimensions of Formalising Informal Economy: Impediments, needs and gender issues" on the 17 July 2014.
    The majority of economic activities in the least developed countries are in the "informal sector". Workers and micro entrepreneurs alike in the informal economy are often trapped for a whole lifetime in conditions of precarious living and rarely get out of poverty. What could be the appropriate intervention strategies and the timing for such interventions so that the micro entrepreneurs really benefit from formalisation? What are the socio-economic and gender issues yet to be addressed? Programmepdf Synthesispdf
  • A seminar on “Sustainable Development in the Developing World” was organized jointly by Centre for Socio-Eco-Nomic Development (CSEND), UNCTAD, Future of the UN Development System (FUNDS) and Business Systems Laboratory on 28th Jan. 2014. The debate took place alongside a book launch event and was focused on “whether the current approach to measuring sustainable development is good enough to support sustainable development in developing countries?”, part of the larger discourse on Post-2015 sustainable development goals.

    Details of the programme, debate, and the book are available at here



  • Book vernissage, La Paz, 2001

    CSEND organised a book vernissage in La Paz, Bolivia in June 2001. The book’s title is “Negociaciones en Cambio Climático y Ambiente:Dinámica global y local (Climate Change and Environmental Negotiations: Global and Local Dynamics)” and is edited by Raymond Saner, Sergio Jauregui, Lichia Yiu and published by Los Amigos del Libro, La Paz, 2001. The book consists 308 pages see below. here