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Throughout its 25 years of history, CSEND has played a leadership role in several knowledge areas. Below are some examples of concrete contributions that the Centre has put forward and that were acknowledged and sometimes further developed by other scholars and institutions. Contributions made by CSEND take the form of seminars, publications as well as training activities and informal meetings.

Interview with Prof. Raymond Saner on the mutation of diplomacy in the 21st century and implication for Indonesia. This web exclusive was published on 15th April 2015 by the Strategic Review.

This interview can be seen at: here

Poor weather, rich conversations
A dull and cold November weekend on the banks of Lake Geneva is not an obvious attraction.

However, some 50 hard-working and talented men and women of all ages and backgrounds, and from three continents, chose to pass a grey weekend near Geneva for a series of "conversations". The overall aim was to contribute to advancing global society in a positive direction by reinforcing existing links, creating new networks and optimising synergies in their multiple projects and competencies to move forward with greater efficiency and effectiveness.

The catalyst and link between these participants was the 20th anniversary of the Geneva-based CSEND organization (www.csend.org), a focus for social and economic development. The idea of the co-founders, Prof. Raymond Saner and Prof. Lichia Yiu, was to gather friends, colleagues, partners and contacts from multiple sectors encountered over the years to share experience, avoid re-inventing the wheel, develop synergy and provide mutual encouragement with the general aim of advancing triple bottom line development (economic, environmental and social) on a global scale.

(Transcontinental migration planned to reduce the Swiss labor market imbalance and reduce poverty in African countries and Balkan / Middle East)


Switzerland has for many years a labor deficit in all sectors of its economy. The system governing the entry of foreign workers in Switzerland responds inadequately to the labor demand. With the pending problem of aging of the population affect Switzerland and its main providers of labor in Europe, effective solutions must be found to allow Switzerland to maintain its workforce afloat.

International negotiation is an essential activity for many managers. This PDW will help management teachers enrich their coverage of international negotiation. It is intended for all instructors who have taught or are interested in teaching international negotiation as a stand-alone course or as part of another course. The negotiation modules may be used to teach a variety of courses and subjects.

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